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CHALCHUAPA MI CASA ES SU CASA
CHALCHUAPA MY HOUSE IS YOUR HOUSE
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Chalchuapa, archaeological sites
The historian Jorge Lardo and Larín, on the etymology of the word Chalchapa, says that in Nahuatl language it means river of Jadeítas, chalchihuit, jadeíta, and appeared River.
Chalchuapa was a village with the pre-Columbian Pokomame people founded at the end of the century V and VI and later conquered by the Pipils in the late fifteenth century.
Chalchuapa is the head of the municipality of the same name, located west of the city of Santa Ana, in a plain north of the Sierra Apaneca-Ilamatepec, and its elevation of 700 m above sea level. It has a connection with San Salvador using the Pan-American highway (CA-1) to the west.
The city Chalchuapa is in the central area of the municipality, the north is a mountainous area with the volcano Chingo at the border with Guatemala; in the middle we have the majority of archaeological sites in the western part of the El Salvador, these being: Tazumal, Casa Blanca, Pampe, El Trapiche and Las Victorias, dating from the classical period.
During colonial times the town of Chalchuapa belonged to the province of San Salvador, since 1824 it was definitely incorporated into the department of Santa Ana.
One of the first indications we have from Chalchuapa is that of Lic. Alonso Lopez de Cerrato in 1548. By this time the wealth of Chalchuapa was based on the cultivation of cocoa and corn, herds of cattle ranchers, and chickens. Something that has not changed much, agriculture remains its main line of production.
Chalchuapa had a very active trade with Guatemala and Honduras, which would provide the luxury of building the magnificent temple of the Apostle Santiago and some of its residents built good houses.
Mountains close to Chalchuapa:
Closest mountain peakCoatepeque Caldera (El Salvador) 9 miles S
Second closest mountain peakSanta Ana Volcano (El Salvador) 12 miles SSW
Third closest mountain peakIzalco (volcano) (El Salvador)15 miles S
Fourth closest mountain peak Izalco (El Salvador)15 miles S
Fifth closest mountain peakChingo (Guatemala)16 miles W
Tide times close to Chalchuapa:
Closest tide timesAcajutl(URL HIDDEN) (El Salvador)35 miles SSW
Second closest tide timesLa Libertad (ElSalvador)38 miles SSE
Chalchuapa was inhabited since the Preclassic period, when massive construction activity took place. Around the boundary between the end of the Late Preclassic and the start of the Early Classic, construction at Tazumal was interrupted by the eruption of the Ilopango volcano, some 75 kilometres (47 mi) to the east of the city. This eruption caused a hiatus in construction activity at Tazumal that may have lasted several generations. Activity resumed during the Early to Middle Classic (c. AD 250-650) although the city never fully recovered to its Preclassic levels of activity. The Tazumal complex came closest to matching the enormous structures of the Preclassic period.
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